Bunions (Hallux Valgus)

Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, are bony protrusions at the base of the big toe at the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. They form as the big toe begins to lean towards the smaller toes, leading to misalignment of the joint at the big toe's base. Over time, the condition worsens, making the bony bump more noticeable. Bunions can cause pain, swelling, and discomfort, especially during activities like walking or standing, or while wearing specific shoe types.

Causes: Bunions may result from both genetic and environmental influences. A family history of bunions often indicates a genetic tendency towards developing them. On the other hand, environmental factors, such as wearing tight or narrow footwear that squeezes the toes, can worsen or lead to the formation of bunions. Additionally, foot injuries, abnormalities in joint structure, and conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can elevate the risk of developing bunions.

Symptoms: The main symptoms of bunions are pain and discomfort at the base of the big toe, frequently worsened by pressure from shoes. The affected area may become red, swollen, and sensitive. Progression of the condition can result in limited movement of the big toe, hindering activities that require toe flexibility.

Complications: Neglecting bunions can result in persistent pain, limited movement of the toes, and the emergence of additional foot conditions like corns, calluses, and bursitis. In advanced cases, bunions might impair a person's balance and the general functionality of the foot.

Management: The management of bunions focuses on relieving pain, slowing the progression of the deformity, and improving foot function.  My New Arch Orthotics take the pressure off of the front of the foot, the metatarsal heads, and put the pressure on the arch where it was designed to be.

Surgical intervention may be considered for severe or debilitating bunions to realign the joint and remove the bony prominence.  My New Arch Orthotics may be worn after surgery to strengthen the foot, restore the arches, prevent further damage to the big toe joint and preventing further deformity.